Under legislation, a Call Out of Reserves can be initiated in response to a range of situations, as set out in the Defence Act 1903, including in emergencies such as civil aid, humanitarian assistance, medical or civil emergency or disaster relief.

In the event of a Call Out, Defence would ensure the many Reservists around Australia employed by emergency response agencies or volunteer organisations, such as the State Emergency Service or Rural Fire Service, would be exempt from the Call Out if the organisation to which they work or volunteer is responding to a disaster event.

This service is protected under the Defence Reserve Service (Protection) Act 2001, and employers must release their employees from their civilian employment without being compelled to use any type of paid or unpaid leave during the period of service.

There is currently one Call Out Orders in effect: Operation BUSHFIRE ASSIST 2019-2020.

For further information refer to the links 'In this section' on the right hand side of this page.